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Venezuela - Andean Endemics

Tour Code: VEN01

A 9-day exploration of the Sierra Nevada, Mérida, the Pico Humboldt Trail, and the famous tunnel at San Isidro in search of the endemic species of the region.

dates & prices to be confirmed Land Only Price: £ SRS: £

Based first in Merida, our birding focuses on the cordilleras of the Sierra Nevada and Sierra de La Culata which embrace the town. In the foothills of the drier Sierra de La Culata we’ll search for Maracaibo Basin endemics and colourful mixed-species feeding flocks. Then, once acclimatised to the altitude, we’ll explore the Humboldt Trail – a wide track passing through bird-filled cloudforest that has become one of the top birding trails in South America. Our next base is in the spectacular Santo Domingo Valley, where the windswept high paramo is just a short drive away, and Torrent Duck our target on the Santo Domingo River.

  • Outstanding guiding & leadership from Venezuela’s top ornithologists
  • Search for Citron-throated Toucan, Saffron-headed Parrot & Military Macaw at La Culata
  • Walk the Humboldt Trail, looking for Merida Sunangel, Grey-naped & Slate-crowned Antpittas
  • Orange-throated Sunangel, Merida Tapaculo, Merida Flowerpiecer & Merida Wren
  • Visit the paramo zone for Ochre-browed Thistletail & Bearded Helmetcrest
  • San Isidro tunnel track, Venezuela's most accessible Cock-of-the-rock lek
  • Comfortable birders' lodges, including Los Frailes Hotel at 2,900m
  • Enjoy stunning mountain scenery! br />


All meals are included, except the evening meal on the day of arrival and on the day of departure.


All accommodation is included in the cost of the tour.

Rufous-browed Peppershrike (Andy Swash)

Rufous-browed Peppershrike (Andy Swash)

Outline Itinerary Download

Day 1 In flight; Caracas

Day 2 Sierra de la Culata

Day 3/4 Merida - Sierra Nevada

Day 5/6 Santo Domingo Valley

Day 7 Barinas

Day 8 In Flight

Day 9 London

About the region

The town of Merida in north-western Venezuela is situated at 1,500 metres and sits in a valley between the twin cordilleras of Sierra Nevada and La Culata. It is these two ranges that are the focus of our birding efforts on this holiday.

In the Santa Domingo Valley there are high elevation Andean meadows of the paramo zone up to 3,800 even higher. The treeless environment found above 2,500m has a unique flora, the dominant plant being a composite, Espeletia. Typical Andean paramo bird species occur here.

The exquisite forest around Barinas is rich in bromeliads, tree-ferns and orchids. We will look for fruiting trees in order to observe feeding fruit-eaters and tanagers.

The tour ‘in a nutshell’

A 9-day exploration of the Sierra Nevada, Merida, the Pico Humboldt Trail, and the famous tunnel at San Isidro.

What birds might I see?

During the first part of the tour we’ll look for Maracaibo Basin endemics like the Pygmy Palm-swift and Citron-throated Toucan in the western foothills of the drier Sierra de La Culata, as well as Andean foothill species such as tanagers and hummingbirds – we may see up to eight or more species of hummingbird feeding, including Buff-tailed Coronets and Gorgeted Woodstars. In higher subtropical regions we’ll look for Golden-headed and Crested Quetzals, and perhaps hear Wattled Guans.

We’ll look for Andean paramo birds including Black-chested Buzzard-eagle and Andean Tit-spinetail, but our main quarry will be further Merida endemics such as Ochre-browed Thistletail, Merida Wren and Merida Flowerpiecer. We’ll also look for Torrent Duck.

We will aim to visit the lek at the San Isidro tunnel track early in order to maximise our chances of seeing the lekking Cock-of-the-rock. We may even be early enough to catch Band-winged Nightjars and Tropical Screech-owls or even Lyre-tailed Nightjars if we are />

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We will be running this tour in the near future but as yet have not finalised dates and prices. To register your interest and be added a waiting list to be informed when details are confirmed, please contact us or phone 01962 733051.

Visiting: Venezuela

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Andy Tucker
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